On December 8, 2017 in Geneva, there was held the meeting of the bilateral working group «US- Russian Dialogue on the NPT Review Process: Lessons Learned (1970- 2015) and Steps Ahead (2016- 2020)», during which at the session «Assessing 2017 Nuclear Nonproliferation Dynamics: Preparatory Committee Session in Vienna and the P5» a report was made by Mr. Gleb Efremov, the General Director of JSC IUEC.
In his presentation he noted that «the Treaty on the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons (NPT) is a key element in development of geography of the peaceful use of atomic energy along with strengthening of the nuclear non-proliferation regime. The provisions of Article IV of the NPT recognize the rights of any state to the benefits of atomic energy with the obligations of its exclusive use for peaceful purposes as defined in Article III of the NPT. The development of sensitive NFC technologies in the non-nuclear states, such as uranium enrichment and SNF reprocessing is the cornerstone that does not give the answer to another question: where is the line, beyond which the development of peaceful sensitive technology in a non-nuclear state grows into a threat to the creation of nuclear weapons and its components. In this regard, the multilateral approaches to the nuclear fuel cycle based on the achievements in the nuclear fuel cycle of the nuclear states are the most productive way for establishment of the infrastructure that promotes the peaceful use of atomic energy along with reduction of the threat of nuclear proliferation. Although in most cases these are the abstract matters, some practices exist already that prove its consistency and capacity. One example of this practice is the implementation of the IUEC project».
In his presentation Mr. Gleb Efremov also noted that regional challenges in the area of nuclear proliferation can and must be resolved exclusively through political and diplomatic means on the basis of the NPT with the sanctity of its provisions in strict compliance with the provisions of international law taking into account the legitimate interests of security and development of the states. The main work to strengthen the regime for the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons is done at the local level in the States parties themselves. But at the same time the collective efforts through the exchange of information can achieve much more. The IAEA has an important role to play in that area. For many states, particularly, newcomers the entry to the programs and projects in development of nuclear energy based on multilateral approaches with the support of the IAEA is an opportunity to establish a fully fledged nuclear infrastructure, access to all the process stages of the nuclear fuel cycle along with maintenance of economically efficient nuclear industry economy, exclusion of the risk for investigation of national nuclear programs implemented in a non-nuclear state.
At the end of his presentation Mr. Gleb Efremov noted that the mechanism of NPT preparatory committees for overview conferences that involves the exchange of ideas and practices in the field of nuclear non-proliferation is the most promising and correct way to promote not only Russian, but also positions of other countries, promoting the agenda of multilateral approaches to the NFC. The results of the first May 2017 preparatory committee for the NPT 2020 overview conference despite the ambiguity of the conclusions about its success associated with non-acceptance of the final document still confirmed the inviolability of the provisions of the NPT as well as its key role in maintaining the nuclear non-proliferation regime.